Flora

The following flora have been seen in the past within Adcombe Wood. To get a better idea whether the wood managment is succeeding it is important that we monitor the flora throughout the year and each following. Do let us have your sightings, confirming these plants are still there, or to record their absence or even to note new plant species. Can you help?

In 2010 three extensive surveys were carried out by the Somerset Botany Group. In April a wood wide survey and in June the two grassland areas where the following were recorded:

Wood Wide – April
agrimony hemp daisy oxeye hawthorn old man’s beard st-john’s wort square stalked
anemone wood dandelion hazel orchid common spotted strawberry barren
angelica wild dock curly herb-paris orchid twyblade strawberry wild
arum lilly dock redvein herb-robert plaintain ribwort* sweet amber
ash dog’s mercury hogweed plantain broadleaf teasel*
bedstraw sweetscented dogwood common holly plum thistle creeping*
beech elder honeysuckle polypody common thistle marsh
bent creeping false oxlip horse chesnut primrose thistle spear
bittercress wavy false-brome horsetail field privet wild townhall clock
blackberry fern broad-buckler horsetail great rose dog vetch bush
blackthorn fern golden-male horsetail wood rose field voilet common-dog
bluebell fern hart’s-tongue iris stinking rose guelder voilet early-dog
bracken fern male ivy common rush common voilet sweet
brooklime fern soft-shield ivy ground rush hard wayfaring tree
bryony fescue giant knapweed common* sanicle wood willow goat
bugle field maple lady’s smock sedge gloucous willowherb broad-leaved
burdock lesser figwort common lime small-leaved sedge pendulous wood avens
buttercup bulbous figwort water madder wild sedge wood wood spurge
buttercup creeping garlic mustard marjoram wild self-heal woundwort hedge
buttercup goldilocks garlic wild meadowsweet snowdrop wych elm
celadine lesser golden-saxifrage opposite-leaved mint water sorrel wood yellow archangel
cinquefoil creeping goosegrass mouse-ear common speedwell germander yellow pimpernel
cocksfoot grass bowles’ golden mustard wild speedwell ivy-leaved yew
cow parsley grass tufted-hair nettle stinging speedwell wood yorkshire fog
cowslip* ground elder nightshade enchanters spindle tree
creeping jenny hairy-brome oak st-john’s wort hairy

 

Lower Large Meadow (Paddock) – June
agrimony o cocksfoot f figwort o orchid common spotted o speedwell germander r
angelica o cow parsley r fleabane l/f ragwort hoary o speedwell thyme leafed r
ash common f cowslip o forget-me-not o ribwort o st-john’s wort perforated o
bedstraw hedge r cranesbill cut-leaf o grass meadow r rose dog o st-john’s wort square stalked o
betony r daisy common grass rough meadow f rose field r teasel r
blackthorn f daisy oxeye o hawthorn f rush common l/f thistle creeping l/f
bramble f dandelion r hogweed o rush hard r thistle marsh o
bryony r dock o horsemint r rye-grass perennial r trefoil birdsfoot o
Bugle o false brome o ivy ground o sedge gloucous f trefoil greater birdsfoot o
buttercup creeping l/f false oat grass o knapweed black o sedge hairy r vetch common o
campion red r fern common male r meadow vetchling f sedge pedulous r vetch tufted o
centaury common r fern great horsetail meadowsweet l/f sedge wood o willow goat l/f
cinquefoil creeping o fern lady r mint corn r selfheal o wood avens r
clover red r fern scaly male r mouse ear common o sorrel common o Yarrow o
clover white r fescue red r

 

Small Glade or Bald Spot/ Green Patch – June
ash common o dandelion r hazel f ragwort hoary r thyme wild r
bent common f false brome f ivy common r rose dog r trefoil birdsfoot f
birch silver o fescue red o madder wild r sanicle r vetch common r
bracken o flax fairy o milkwort common r sedge gloucous f wayfaring-tree r
buttercup bulbous o gentian autumn r mouse ear common o self-heal o yarrow r
buttercup creeping r grass meadow o oak r speedwell germander r yellow-wort o
buttercup meadow o grass quaking f oak turkey r st-john’s wort hairy o yorkshire fog o
catsear r hawkbit rough f orchid common spotted o thistle carline r
clover red r hawkweed mouse-eared o plantain r thistle dwarf o
cocksfoot o hawthorn f primrose r thistle marsh r

Around 2005 SERC surveyed the wood, noting four differetn habitiat parcels and listed flora found in four contrasting locations. Apart from those species found in the 2010 surveys these additional species were also found:

alder
dock wood
elm english
grass wood meadow
grass sweet vernal
grass tall fescue
grass tufted-hair
tamarisk-moss common

As these woods offer a range of specific habitats, we do need to keep the whole of the wood area under review and not just the meadow hotspots. Inaddition to the above comprehensive suveys these plants have also been noted.

Within the marshy flushes:

  • Marsh Marigold
  • Devils-bit Scabious
  • Betony
  • Early Marsh Orchid

along the top (public) footpath:

  • early purple orchid
  • greater butterfly orchid

the Lower Meadow (Paddock)

  • water Mint

All the OS maps of the woods show a pond near the rt.angle bend in the righthand path that runs past the lower meadow. In autumn 2016 the pond location was searched for but only a small pond found. It appeared that the pond site expands or contracts dependant on surrounding soil movements. In June 2009 a SERC survey identfied the following in the immediate location:

  • cuckooflower
  • pendulous sedge
  • water mint
  • brooklime
  • greater watermoss

The Tawny Funnel(?) or is it because of it diameter and cleft rather Leucopaxillus giganteus had a particulraly good year, Nov’17

 

 

 

 

to be continued

 

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